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Faced with complex war and terrorism scenarios, defense analysts can now try different strategies and weigh the outcomes -- without suffering irreversible consequences. In a Perspective, V.S. Subrahmanian and J. Dickerson discuss how military planners can make decisions in war-torn virtual worlds, and see how machine-driven stochastic opponent modeling agents (SOMA) respond. While similar in design to World of Warcraft, this new software environment embeds real-world models of sociocultural groups and terrorist organizations to predict consequences of building schools, burning drug crops, and dropping bombs.